Parliamentary Government : Characteristics, Merits, Demerits

PARLIAMENTARY GOVERNMENT In a Parliamentary form of a Government, the supreme governmental power is in the Legislature or Parliament. The Executive has a lower status to that of the legislature in matters of existence and functions. In a parliamentary government, the executive is chosen from the members of the legislature. The executive is also responsible to the legislature. It remains […]

Theory of Separation of Powers

Theory of Separation of Powers The theory of Separation of Powers deals with the functional division of powers between the three organs of the government, that is the legislature, the executive and the judiciary. Though the theory of separation of powers is associated with the French philosopher, Montesquieu, the need for division of governmental authority was recognized by early political […]

Federal Government

FEDERAL GOVERNMENT In a federal government the totality of governmental power is divided or distributed by the national constitution or organic act of parliament creating it between a central government and the governments of the individual states or other territorial subdivisions of which the federation composed. Characteristics of federal government (1) There is a formal division or distribution of governmental […]

UNITARY GOVERNMENT

UNITARY GOVERNMENT In a unitary system all the powers are vested in one authority. There is concentration of powers in the central government. The units are created by the central government for the sake of convenience or necessity and as such they exist as long as the central government allows them to exist. England and France have a unitary form […]