Shortcomings of the GOI Act 1909

Shortcomings of the GOI Act 1909 Shortcomings of the Act Shortcomings of the GOI Act 1909 The reforms introduced by the Indian Councils Act, 1909 were strongly denounced by quite a large number of critics. P.E. Roberts described them “only a half way house” while Muzumdar dubbed them as “mere moonshine”. The critics pointed out that the reforms had given […]

Minto – Morley Reforms

Discuss the salient features of the government of India Act, 1909 (Minto- Morley Reforms). While conditions in Indian were taking a fateful turn, the liberals who believed more in freedom and autonomy than in discipline and efficiency came in power in England. John Morley, a staunch advocate of reforms and concessions became the new Secretary of States in December 1905. […]

Fourth Law Commission

Fourth Law Commission Fourth Law Commission The Commission submitted only one Report to the Government of India in November, 1879 which consisted of the following recommendations. (1) The codification of the important divisions of the substantive law should continue. (2) The codification should be based on English law with necessary modifications wherever necessary. (3) The object of codification should be […]

Third Law Commission , 1861

Third Law Commission consisting of six members with Sir J. Romilly as its Chairman, was appointed on December 14, 1861.. The main function of the Third Law Commission was to proceed with the codification of substantive law in India as suggested by the Second Law Commission in its Second Report. Third law commission report The Reports submitted by Third Law […]

Federal court in the Indian Legal History.

Explain the constitution, Jurisdiction and significance of Federal court in the Indian Legal History. The Government of India Act, 1935 changed the structure of the Indian Government from “Unitary” to that of “Federal” type. The Distribution of powers between the Centre and the Provinces required the balance to avoid the disputes which would be arisen between the constituent units and […]

Second Law Commission

The Second Law Commission consisting of seven members was appointed on November 9, 1853 for a period of three years under the Chairmanship of 5ir John Romilly. The other members were Sir John Jervis, Sir Edward Ryan, Lord Sher Brooke, C.H. Cameron, John M. Macleod and T.F. Ellis. The Commission held its sittings in London till the middle of 1856 […]

First Law Commission

An All India Legislature was established in India by the Charter Act of 1833 which forms a watershed in the legal history of India. Lord Macaulay was appointed as the Law Member of the Governor- General-in- Council under this Act. The laws passed by the All India Legislature were called as ‘Acts’ an not Regulations. The Council was authorized to […]

Provisions of The Act of Settlement of 1781

Discuss the provisions of the act of settlement of 1781. Necessity of the passing of the act of settlement of the act 1781 is the three historical cases i:e 1) The Patna case 2) Cossijurah case and 3) Kamaliddin case Provisions of act of settlement, 1781 The act of settlement of 1781 tried to reconcile the difference between the Supreme […]

East India Company at Calcutta

Discuss the early judicial system set up by the East India Company at Calcutta. East India Company made its settlement at Calcutta just like in Bombay and Madras. IN 1690, it constructed Fort William. In 1698, Prince Azim usha shah the Subedar of Bengal and Grandson of the Emperor Aurangazeb granted Zamindari rights to the English company of three villages-Calcutta, […]

British Settlement in Bombay

Introduction   British Settlement in Bombay : The political position of Bombay was quite different from that of Madras; from 1534 on-wards Bombay was under the control of the Portuguese. The king of Portugal, Alfonsus – VI gave Bombay in dowry to the king of England Charles-11, when the English king married his sister Princess Catherine in 1668. Charles-11 thought […]